Factors for designating Urban and Rural Reserves
This information is copied from the Oregon Administrative Rules for Urban and Rural Reserves.
Please refer to that source for definitions of terms and complete legal information.
Factors for Designation of Lands as Urban Reserves
Urban Reserve Factors: When identifying and selecting lands for designation as urban reserves under this division,
Metro shall base its decision on consideration of whether land proposed for designation as urban reserves,
alone or in conjunction with land inside the UGB:
- Can be developed at urban densities in a way that makes efficient use of existing and future public and private infrastructure investments;
- Includes sufficient development capacity to support a healthy economy;
- Can be efficiently and cost-effectively served with public schools and other urban-level public facilities and services
by appropriate and financially capable service providers;
- Can be designed to be walkable and served with a well-connected system of streets, bikeways, recreation trails and public transit by appropriate service providers;
- Can be designed to preserve and enhance natural ecological systems;
- Includes sufficient land suitable for a range of needed housing types;
- Can be developed in a way that preserves important natural landscape features included in urban reserves; and
- Can be designed to avoid or minimize adverse effects on farm and forest practices, and adverse effects on important natural landscape features, on nearby land including land designated as rural reserves.
Factors for Designation of Lands as Rural Reserves
When identifying and selecting lands for designation as rural reserves under this division,
a county shall indicate which land was considered and designated in order to provide long-term protection
to the agriculture and forest industries and which land was considered and designated to provide long-term protection
of important natural landscape features, or both.
Based on this choice, the county shall apply the appropriate factors in either section (2) or (3) of this rule, or both.
- Rural Reserve Factors: When identifying and selecting lands for designation as rural reserves intended to provide
long-term protection to the agricultural industry or forest industry, or both, a county shall base its
decision on consideration of whether the lands proposed for designation.
- Are situated in an area that is otherwise potentially subject to urbanization during the applicable period described in
OAR 660-027-0040(2) or (3) as indicated by proximity to a UGB or proximity to properties with fair market values that
significantly exceed agricultural values for farmland, or forestry values for forest land;
- Are capable of sustaining long-term agricultural operations for agricultural land,
or are capable of sustaining long-term forestry operations for forest land;
- Have suitable soils where needed to sustain long-term agricultural or forestry operations and, for agricultural land,
have available water where needed to sustain long-term agricultural operations; and
- Are suitable to sustain long-term agricultural or forestry operations, taking into account:
- for farm land, the existence of a large block of agricultural or other resource land with a concentration or cluster of farm operations,
or, for forest land, the existence of a large block of forested land with a concentration or cluster of managed woodlots;
- The adjacent land use pattern, including its location in relation to adjacent non-farm uses or non-forest uses,
and the existence of buffers between agricultural or forest operations and non-farm or non-forest uses;
- The agricultural or forest land use pattern, including parcelization, tenure and ownership patterns; and
- The sufficiency of agricultural or forestry infrastructure in the area, whichever is applicable.
- Rural Reserve Factors: When identifying and selecting lands for designation as rural reserves intended to protect important natural landscape features,
a county must consider those areas identified in Metro's February 2007 "Natural Landscape Features Inventory" and other pertinent information,
and shall base its decision on consideration of whether the lands proposed for designation:
- Are situated in an area that is otherwise potentially subject to urbanization during the applicable period described OAR 660-027-0040(2) or (3);
- Are subject to natural disasters or hazards, such as floodplains, steep slopes and areas subject to landslides;
- Are important fish, plant or wildlife habitat;
- Are necessary to protect water quality or water quantity, such as streams, wetlands and riparian areas;
- Provide a sense of place for the region, such as buttes, bluffs, islands and extensive wetlands;
- Can serve as a boundary or buffer, such as rivers, cliffs and floodplains, to reduce conflicts between urban uses and rural uses, or conflicts between urban uses and natural resource uses
- Provide for separation between cities; and
- Provide easy access to recreational opportunities in rural areas, such as rural trails and parks.
- Notwithstanding requirements for applying factors in OAR 660-027-0040(9) and section (2) of this rule,
a county may deem that Foundation Agricultural Lands or Important Agricultural Lands within three miles of a UGB
qualify for designation as rural reserves under section (2) without further explanation under OAR 660-027-0040(10).
Return to the factors section of the reserves process page